Structural and Cohesion funds
One of the biggest and more complex funds are the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF). 454 073 873 653 Euro has been allocated to the five funds that comprise the European Structural and Investment Funds: the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, the European Martime and Fisheries Fund, the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, and the Cohesion Fund.
The complexity lies in the fact that these funds are partially managed by the EU, and partially by the member states. Moreover, within the EU, they are managed by different DGs and in the member states the funds can be managed by different authorities on local, regional, and national level. Finally, co-financing rules require national, regional or local authorities to co-finance projects between 50 and 20 percent, thus final amounts awarded to projects vary. And then we have not even addressed the rules, requirements, and priorities that govern the allotment of each of these funds.
The EU and the member states provide a number of portals where we can track different funds. On the EU level, the data is available here: https://cohesiondata.ec.europa.eu/
However, the funds are co-managed, meaning that precise data on exact amounts, beneficiaries and project details is only available at national or regional level. Every member state assigns a managing authority, an institute at national or regional level that divides the funds. This authority also has the obligation to publish the data in a timely and transparent manner. How the latter is interpreted differs per country and even per region. Sometimes we find great portals with csv files ready to download, other times we have only 5 example projects presented. All the portals can be found here: http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/en/atlas/beneficiaries/
We have started collecting the data from these different portals in one place (so far a simple sheet) and it still needs a lot of work:
- extending the collection so that it is compressive (so far just 10 national portals provided csv files)
- creating an overview so that we can see on a map where data is already available
- cleaning the data and modelling (we have experimented with the OS-packager to bring it in the Fiscal Data Package standard).
DG Region // Regional Policy
Repository in progress // EU Portal